Motivational Speakers - Life Coaches

A motivational speaker is one who speaks or lectures in a way so as to motivate or inspire the audience. There are many motivational speakers and they introduce themselves through various methods such as books, interviews, seminars or audio programs. One of the major negative feedbacks they face is that they make people feel good and positive just for the time being - that is - the motivation they provide does not last for a longer life time. There are many others who feel that they feel positive and set goals only when they listen to this speaker, and after a short time they go back to their regular routine. What matters most in this aspect is, that if a person wants to become successful in life, he/she has to apply and implement the teaching and concepts in his/her life which might prove difficult in the beginning, but with regular help and their own will power, they can shed their inhibitions and start over a new leaf.

Some of the popular motivational books written by well-known motivational speakers are Anthony Robbins - "Unlimited Power", and "Awaken The Giant Within"; John Maxwell - "The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership"; Mark Victor Hansen, co-author of "Chicken Soup for the Soul" as well as "The One Minute Millionaire", and Zig Ziglar's "See You at the Top". The audio programs that are popular - Brian Tracy's "The Psychology of Achievement"; Mark Victor Hansen's "Thinking Big;" and Les Brown's "You Deserve."


In recent days, even multinational companies are making use of these speakers to help their employees develop positive mental attitude, clarity in life, set their goals and team-building activity. Team building activity is one of the important factors in multi-national companies which help to highlight the importance of an individual in a team as one of the most valuable asset the Company has.

Motivational Speakers - Life Coaches

Inspirational speakers are different from motivational speakers in the way that their speeches can be based on stories of great men who achieved their goals amidst obstacles, with modulations in their way of speaking. On the other hand, motivational speakers deliver their presentation that inspire and has more energy which propel their listeners to action.

Most motivational speakers do not see themselves as a teacher who motivates others, but they see themselves as a "life coach." Many of them have come from poverty and it is through the methods they teach they have become millionaires. Les Brown was a garbage collector who became a successful speaker and a millionaire. Most of the speakers are entrepreneurs; They teach leadership, efficiency, increase productivity and are experts in time management. They also host TV shows and travel regularly all over the globe. They have to keep themselves updated in terms of recent events around the world and constantly learning new things. Their speech should be able to connect with the audience, ignite a spark in every listener or attendee so that they can be inspired to find a lost goal or birth of a new one in order to achieve what they desire.

The methods, techniques which they teach to their clients (persons attending their workshops or listeners) should be simple, time-tested, recent, grounded, effective and they should have imbibed them in to their own personal life. The motivational speaker's job is to make the listeners understand how their minds work, prioritize their work to deliver their best, to help them change their life style if needed, and develop effective habits that can move them towards their goals and dreams.

In short, a motivational speaker's main goal should be to arouse the bundle of positive energy that exists in all of us through which we can reach our goals in the shortest possible time.

Motivational Speakers - Life Coaches

B Sathyanarayana is a well-known writer in the areas of medicine, biographies and management exams.

Motivational Speeches

Public speaking is one of people's greatest fears. College students in particular lack inspiration when it comes to writing and delivering a speech in front of their peers. Unsure of where to turn to for guidance, students search the web for a motivational speech sample and help with term papers. They come up with a variety of resources that can help them write a motivational speech topic outline. They can even write a speech and poem simultaneously.



A lot of inspiration can come from poet, Maya Angelou. She has been public speaking at a national level for years now. In fact, she even helped our President-Elect, Barack Obama, write one of his speeches. She has even attended an international convention or two in her lifetime. She delivers a speech and recites poems at all of her events. She even travels to colleges throughout the nation in hopes of inspiring students to follow in her footsteps to write and recite speeches. She is highly respected for the work she does.

Motivational Speeches

Motivational speech samples can be found elsewhere. By consulting books, newspapers, audio and film clips, students can learn how to truly inspire others in their communities and classrooms. Some examples of great speakers of our time are: Martin Luther King, Jr., John F. Kennedy, Winston Churchill, and Malcolm X. Their words revolutionized our nation and made it what it is today.


First, speakers must choose a topic that will engage the audience. He or she must consider the ages and backgrounds of the people that they are speaking to. What may be appropriate for one group of people may not be appropriate for another.

Next, a speaker must find sample motivational speeches to draw inspiration from. Sources can be found online, through bookstores as well as libraries. Heroes can come in the form of everyday people. Acts of courage can be mentioned even when the name of the person isn't familiar to the audience.

After researching the topic, a speaker must write out a motivational speech topic outline to help organize his or her thoughts regarding the motivational speech sample. The outline will serve as a guideline and help keep the speaker on the right track while he or she writes the speech.

Practice makes perfect or so they say. Once the outline is completed and the actual motivational speech is written, the next step for the speaker to do is to recite the words written over and over again until they are memorized. A truly motivational speaker knows to look up from his or her notes to really engage the audience.

Last but not least, the speaker actually delivers the speech to his or her audience. Considering the length of the time spent speaking, a cup of water should be placed at the podium prior to the speech's delivery to optimize the impact of it. No speaker wants to be cut short by a dry throat.

Addressing a tough audience is easy when equipped with the right tools like a motivational speech sample and those mentioned in this article.

Motivational Speeches

Ian Pennington is an accomplished niche website developer and author. To learn more about Motivational Speeches [], please visit Motivation Now [] for current articles and discussions.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy

The Motivational Enhancement Therapy or the MET are intervention approaches which are systematically designed based on the principles of inspirational psychology. The Motivational Enhancement Therapy in Florida drug rehab treatment centers have popularized these days for producing internally motivated and rapid changes. The motivational strategies employed aim at helping the client embark on the phase of recovery following scientific step by step methods.

The motivational therapy can be delivered as interference in itself. In many cases it is also taken as a prelude to future treatment procedures. The patients can avail the treatment facilities in residential as well as outpatient setting. The MET sessions are particularly limited to 1 or few sessions. According to the researches conducted over the years, the medical practitioners strongly support the effective strategies for bringing about changes and reducing dependency disorders among the addicts.


The Florida drug rehab treatment centers work by the way of offering counseling sessions and intervention therapy for pulling the person out of the state of addiction. The Motivational Enhancement Therapy is used as a mode of treatment or as an appendage to the intense detox and drug rehab programs in Florida. These are some treatment procedures followed in cases of severe addictions. In cases of mild addictions, the MET is employed as standalone therapy.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy

• The very first stage of the Motivational Enhancement Therapy involves encouraging the patients to overcome their dependency behavior. Though it is not a very easy task, there are professionals and therapists of the Florida drug rehab who assists them in over coming addiction. They are trained to develop interpersonal and problem solving skills which help them to overcome the denial phases without much difficulty. This way the patients are convinced to get into the drug treatment procedures.

• After the initial phase, the therapist of Florida drug rehab counsels the recovering addict about alcohol, drugs and their ill effect on human health. There after the addicts are enlightened about the ways in which the harmful toxins can be removed from their system. The moral building sessions of the Motivational Enhancement Therapy can be conducted about 2 to 4 times depending on the condition of the individual patient. The ambivalent patients at this stage of treatment are mentally prepared and they are ready to continue with the treatment procedures.

• In the next step of Motivational Enhancement Therapy, the therapist focuses on effective counseling sessions of the patients. They are motivated to give up drugs and alcohol from their life completely. The counselors and therapists motivate the recovering addicts to embark on a life long path of healthy abstinence from drug and alcohol addiction. The heath condition of the addicts is also monitored from time to time through out the phase of treatment particularly for the withdrawal symptoms.

The Motivational Enhancement Therapy or MET employs empathic but dictated approaches in which the counselors and therapist's offers feedback which intends to consolidate and strengthen the commitment of the patient towards progress for promotion of a sense of self efficacy.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy

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Motivational Speaking Careers

Have you ever wondered what motivational speaking careers are out there? What are the groups that will most likely need motivational speeches?

The answer is that everyone needs motivation. Motivation is the driving force behind every successful endeavor. Uninspired youth, in the future, may become troublemakers and public nuisances. This is why motivation and inspiration is very important to an array of audiences.


It is apparent that motivation is crucial in organizations and companies. Individuals that make up the company needs to focus on organizational goals to achieve holistic success. Motivational speakers can greatly help organizations move their people into focused action. It can even benefit those weary individuals who have lost motivation because of the dullness or tediousness of their jobs.

Motivational Speaking Careers

Motivational speakers in the corporate world are highly paid but are expected to do produce great results. As a speaker you must have an in depth understanding of the industry so you can convey the message as clearly as possible.

However, when it comes to motivation, nobody needs it more than college students. They are always seeking direction and guidance. Collegiate youth are hungry for information and inspiration. This is the main reason why the education system is willing to pay significantly just to have you come inspire or motivate their students.

The college arena for professional speaking is very lucrative. More and more speakers want to break into this niche and it is very common to see dynamic young speakers booked in college conferences. Those that are successful come across as fun and natural and they are highly effective at inspiring the youth.

Keep in mind that there is also an audience at the high school level, and yes sometimes in the elementary levels. It all depends on a speakers chosen expertise and target audience. The truth is that there are a lot of niches to choose from and all are just as profitable.

Motivational speeches can be delivered in a variety of ways. The most usual style is through personal experience. Typically, the best motivational speakers are the ones that have survived a major setback in their lives and have gone on to succeed They can refer to the story of their lives to set examples and give life lessons to the audience.

Speakers who specialize in motivation should make their talks as engaging as possible They should exude knowledge and flair. The style of delivery may vary from each speaker to another but as a rule, motivational speakers should never be boring. You can be hilarious, or very serious, but try to keep the audience interested.

Motivational speakers have a definite place in the public speaking world. They are some of the most revered speakers, especially if they are able to achieve great success. They can also venture in different businesses. Successful motivational speakers are most likely to sell books and become prolific authors.

Combined with marketing and business brilliance, motivational speakers can find tremendous financial success. Flourishing motivational speakers are celebrities in their own right. The expertise and knowledge they put on the table will always be in demand.

In sum, to have a great career in Motivational speaking, all you have to do is target an audience and become an expert in the niche. Experience and reputation building is also vital to boost a career in this field.

Motivational Speaking Careers

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Define Motivation

Motivation can be defined in a number of ways. Generally, it is defined as a driving force that initiates and directs behavior. In other words, motivation is a kind of internal energy which drives a person to do something in order to achieve something. It is a temporal or dynamic state within a person which is not concerned with his/her personality. There are different types of motivation such as achievement motivation, affiliation motivation, competence motivation, power motivation, and attitude motivation.

Motivation is based on three specific aspects such as the arousal of behavior, the direction of behavior, and persistence of behavior. Arousal of behavior involves what activates human behavior and direction of behavior is concerned with what directs behavior towards a specific goal. Persistence of behavior is concerned with how the behavior is sustained.


Various studies have been conducted to understand the different motives that drive a person to success. Motives are categorized into three: homeostatic motives, nonhomeostatic motives, and learned or social motives. Almost all the motives belong to one or more of these three groups.

Define Motivation

Motives such as thirst, hunger, respiration, and excretion are included in homeostatic motives. Nonhomeostatic motives include required activities such as seeking shelter and curiosity about the environment. Curiosity, a desire for novelty, power, achievement, social affiliation, and approval are considered as learned motives or social motives.

Motivation is essential to be successful in any endeavor you undertake. It can be positive or negative, subtle or obvious, tangible or intangible. It is very important in workplaces as it plays a key role in the effective performance of employees. In industry, managers play a significant role in employee motivation. They use different motivation techniques to improve productivity, thereby promoting cooperation between employees and employers.

Learning is somewhat interrelated to motivation. In education, instructors also use motivation techniques in order to motivate the students to learn. It is essential to increase student motivation as it can make a student more competent. Also, motivation encourages self confidence and problem-solving skills.

Define Motivation

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Motivational Sayings - Quotes to Keep You Going

Everyone has days when they are feeling sad and depressed - possibly even despairing about the future. If you're having a day like this motivational sayings, quotes about life, and inspirational speeches can give you the boost you need to keep on living with passion and purpose. The great things about motivational quotes is that great ones encapsulate a huge truth or a big idea in one small statement - so, even though the quote has only given your brain a sentence or two of information, your mind has actually received a seven course meal of food for thought.

When you read or hear a great quote, many times it will be lodged in your subconscious for many years to come. It can even become a guiding force in your life, a small voice in your head that gives you a clearer sense of direction in times when you are faced with tough decisions. Amazing to think that a quote can do all that, but many people have stories about a quote that has spoken to them as early as when they were a young child and stayed in their heart and mind throughout their entire lives.


Another thing that a great motivational or inspirational quote can do for you is help you to realize more about who you are as a person. If it resonates deep within you, that tells you something about yourself and what your soul recognizes as truth. Quotes can also have the opposite effect - if you react emotionally negatively to it and instinctively withdraw, that's equally telling.

Motivational Sayings - Quotes to Keep You Going

Still, one of the greatest functions of motivational sayings is to give you a mental pick me up when you're feeling discouraged about the success of an endeavor - whether it be business or personal - and to help you get your edge and passion back.

Motivational Sayings - Quotes to Keep You Going

If you're in a slump and feel that you need some inspirational quotes to pull you out of that slump, you can find them at

Motivational Video Clips

The intensification of clip culture has lead to the evolution of audio and video clips. Clip culture refers to Internet viewing and sharing of short videos. The popularity of video clips has grown manifold thanks to the growing clip culture. Video clips are streamed video segments and clippings often excerpted from larger videos. They have duration of less than fifteen minutes and show particular moments of significance or noteworthiness from the original video. Video clips are often streamed from news recordings, movies, music videos, and television serials. Video clips help promising camera operators, producers, and video developers to enhance their careers.

Motivational video clips are based on the aspect of inspiring viewers to give stimulus to a particular courageous behavior. These video clips are generally derived from award winning documentaries, motivational films, courageous stories, and motivational speeches. Some of them may be based on interviews of admired personalities who have inspired many individuals all over the nation through their work. Motivational video clips help to stretch the thinking and working capacity of individuals to achieve desired goals by making complete use of their potential. Many motivational speakers employ video producers to develop video clips to encourage the audience to think positively and be confident about their talent.


Motivational video clips are viewed by a large number of people who need a change in their thinking and mode of behavior to achieve better results and improve their lifestyle on the whole.

Motivational Video Clips

Motivational video clips are available in different formats on the Internet and a few other sources. The video format of the video clip may range from MPEG and AVI to MOV and WMV formats, and can be viewed using most of the common media players. A large collection of motivational video clips can be availed of online at different websites and can be downloaded free of charge. Some websites may however charge for the download depending on the quality and popularity of the video clip.

Motivational Video Clips

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Motivational Speech Topics - How To Choose And Use Them

When making a speech your whole point in making that speech is to try and get a message across to your audience. So you need to make your speech in such a way that you motivate your audience into taking action. This, of course, is the main reason why you should use motivational speech topics but let's have a look in more detail.

Have you ever heard a speech that has made you cry? Have you ever heard a speech that leaves you uplifted and motivated to go and do something? When a speaker gives a speech that affects people that way then he has succeeded with what he wanted to do. He has won over his audience and they are now at his mercy.


When giving a motivational speech you are aiming to uplift and inspire your audience. You want your speech to be relevant to the topic that your audience is there to listen to. You want to promote excellence and show that you are an expert in your field and give them the feeling that they need to pursue what you want of them. Most importantly you want your audience to leave your speech feeling better than they did when they arrived.

Motivational Speech Topics - How To Choose And Use Them

There are many occasions where you can use motivational speeches such as at weddings, graduations, business seminars, sports awards ceremonies, coaching situations, self-improvement seminars and many more.

What topic do you choose for your motivational speech? Well, it will all depend on the occasion for which you are giving the speech.

Some of the topics that you may be able to use are speeches for improving sales, improving self esteem, becoming a winner, setting goals for the future, positive thinking, religion, charity, letting go of the past, becoming successful, affirmations, losing weight, getting fit, breaking habits, career development, gaining confidence and I'm sure there are many more that I haven't mentioned.

These are all topics that you can use motivational speeches for and if what you're looking for is not listed then try and think about the type of emotion that you want to send to your audience and work from there.

Speeches can be difficult to write and it can help if rather than just writing it, stand in front of the mirror and talk. If you don't really want to be in front of the mirror then stand in front of the sofa and pretend you have an audience there. Sometimes just playing around doing a pretend speech can often bring out some great ideas whereas just sitting down to write a speech your mind can often go blank.

Just remember your main goals of what you want to achieve and be as motivating as you can to get that message across to your audience.

Motivational Speech Topics - How To Choose And Use Them

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Life Quotes: Motivational, Inspirational

Many people have a large repertoire of life quotes at their disposal for use at any appropriate time, and having the right quote at the right time can be very important. While many quotes are not original, a good quote with a good message can stand the test of time and be passed down from generation to generation. Great quotes can be used for a variety of different purposes: to amuse, to inspire, to educate, to inform, or even just to make a person in a bad mood crack a smile and break out of their shell.

Most great quotes are passed down from generation to generation through families and friends. Most of the time, the quotes aren't even passed on intentionally...they simply stick out in a person's mind after hearing them, and down the road, the person finds someone else to pass on this knowledge. Good quotes can be able a variety of different things, and a person who is well versed will have a quote for just about anything.


The most useful kinds of quotes are quotes that are either motivational or informative and can be used in just about any situation. Quotes about life that are motivational hold a very dear place in people's hearts. Sometimes something as simple as a quote that one's heard a million times, delivered by the right person at the right time can be all it takes for a person's mood to do a complete one hundred and eighty degree turn.

Life Quotes: Motivational, Inspirational

In addition, there are many informative quotes out there that a person can remember. From quotes along the lines of biblical, proverbial wisdom, to idioms that we use on a daily basis, quotes can provide a cautionary tale for all people to heed. There is a reason quotes are passed down from generation to generation and it's not because the advice is bad or that the advice shouldn't be taken seriously. Quotes are passed down time and time again because the advice holds true time and time again. In most cases, tidbits of useful wisdom transcend generational and technological gaps, and can help anyone who hears them in any time period.

Life quotes are little gems and everyone should have a few up their sleeve. A person never knows when he or she might have the right, life changing piece of wisdom for a friend, coworker, or colleague. Sometimes knowing what to say can make all the difference in the world.

Life Quotes: Motivational, Inspirational

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Motivation Quotes - Give Yourself A Pep Talk!

Of what help can motivational quotes be to you in your quest to succeed in fulfilling your life purpose?

As I look back on the way that I have used such quotes, I conclude that the short, fleeting moments when I make a decision in reaction to some stimulus have often shaped the way my life has turned out on a much larger scale.


I confess, these moments that been greatly benefited by the wise motivational words of the many great people who have traveled the journey before me. Here are a few inspiring quotes that I use frequently:

Motivation Quotes - Give Yourself A Pep Talk!

I enjoy Sir Winston Churchill's famous quote, "Success is going from failure to failure without any loss of enthusiasm." This is a shot of reality that reminds me that even though my wildest dreams have me succeeding at everything first time, reality is seldom the same way. I know that I must fight over and over before I can obtain the things I want; and that requires a constant renewal of energy. This quote reminds me that to lose energy and give in to defeat is to turn my back on the success that I am seeking.

Another quote (source unknown) states "ask not that the journey be easy, ask instead that it be worth it." I find this particularly inspiring as I work my way around large obstacles that stand between me and whatever goal I am pursuing. I often visualize that as much effort as I invest up front is as much reward as I will receive on the backend. This view allows me to face the really tough challenges with a secret smile in anticipation of what is sure to follow.

My favorite quote comes from Dr. Maxwell Maltz and states, "Self image sets the boundaries of all individual achievement." This statement shows me that I decide how much I accomplish as well as how much I do not. It keeps me on my toes and forces me to censor my thoughts, never allowing me to dwell on a negative thought for long. This quote reminds me that if I do not believe I can do a thing, I definitely can't. So, I choose to believe I can, then act in accordance.

If you haven't already, find your own motivational quotes that you can memorize for those pressing times when you need them. Your reaction to times of difficulty dictates the outcomes of your life more than you may know. If you can change your reactions, you can change your life.

Motivation Quotes - Give Yourself A Pep Talk!

After 27 years leading Fortune 500 companies to earn millions of dollars, Alvin Day now simplifies the success principles to help people achieve and prosper in business and job. Get his free eBook, Ask and You Shall Receive - visit this website: []

How to Describe Your Speaking Expertise Without Using the Word "Motivational"

Are you having a hard time figuring out how to describe your expertise without using saying you're a "motivational speaker?"

Did you know you cannot motivate any one else? You can inspire others to motivate themselves, but you cannot motivate them. The National Speakers Association online directory lists 634 motivational speakers out of the 3,600 current members. If you'd like to think of a way to define your expertise, describe your uniqueness and differentiate yourself without using the word "motivation", here are some related words and phrases for motivation and/or the effect of being motivated, that you can use today to describe what you can do for any organization - whether the audience is comprised of employees, commissioned salespeople or entrepreneurs:


access wisdom, imagination, ingenuity, acuity, acumen, brilliance, artistry; arouse; compel;
create breakthrough thinking; elicit; embolden; encourage originality; energize; engage intellect; engage imagination; expand awareness; expand possibilities in life; galvanize; impel; induce; influence; innervate; innovate; invigorate; persuade; prompt; propel; provoke; stimulate divergent thinking; stimulate inventiveness; stimulate; urge; utilize ingenuity.

How to Describe Your Speaking Expertise Without Using the Word "Motivational"

Read below to see if any of these statements are what you do when you speak to audiences.

Here are some complete sentences you can use today!

- You galvanize individuals to tap into their natural ingenuity.
- You stimulate innovative ideas that expand the mind and the organization by sharing brilliant marketing ideas that ensure continued growth, individually and collectively.
- You prompt new ways of thinking that build spirit, cooperation and productivity.
- You demonstrate through story form that the power of one idea, getting organized around it and using all resources to leverage that idea, can dramatically improve your income.
- You urge the organization to brainstorm in ways that are fun and productive - generating increased sales and decreasing turn-over. When the workplace is innovative and inviting of imagination, it's a place people love to be.
- You incite a spontaneous combustion of creative thinking, dreaming and realization.

And remember...when you're talking with a prospective buyer about hiring you, And the educational sessions are going to focus on industry updates and current technical practices, stress the importance having of a keynote that leaves attendees inspired.

The best way to ensure that the updates and practices covered at the conference will be absorbed and integrated is to bring in a successful individual that will inspire the audience individually, engage the intellect and reinforce that the contributions of attendees will be valued. That sets the tone for post-conference behavior.

How to Describe Your Speaking Expertise Without Using the Word "Motivational"

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Motivational Videos

There are lots of motivational aids like posters, books, audio tapes but the power of motivational videos is highly underrated. Even video clips from popular films like Rocky can seriously motivate one to train hard and pursue their dreams. Sites like YouTube and Video have lots of videos anyone can find motivational because motivation is actually subjective. The video of a paralyzed bodybuilder is more powerful to an aspiring Mr. Olympia while the video of a GSP's training for an upcoming fight is motivational to a student of mixed martial arts.

Motivational videos don't have to be about winning competitions or prizes. A successful entrepreneur talking about his road to success and his passion for his work can inspire a whole new generation of entrepreneurs. For example, Steve Jobs' speech at a Stanford Graduation Ceremony has inspired thousands of people from all over the world.


Inspirational and Motivational are two different words yet they resemble the same quality - one that compels actions and gives ideas. In order to compel, video clips have to be relatable and humanizing. For instance, the story of a cow's journey up a mountain won't emotionally touch anyone, but a man's climb of Everest can ignite a serious fire in one's soul.

Motivational Videos

In comparison to books and audiotapes, motivational video clips have a much faster effect and they're also usually free. The motivational power of a video is akin to a motivational quote on steroids: it stimulates you in a rather short time. Just like with a quote, all you need to do is find a few good videos, watch them and keep them in mind whenever you feel depressed or lazy.

Videos with motivational content can be used in a number of ways. A football coach can use a video of speech like Al Pacino's in Any Given Sunday to psych up his team before a big game. A teacher can use one of many Lance Armstrong videos to teach her students about not quitting. A runner can use a video of ultra-marathon and triathlon runners as fuel to run further and faster than ever.

Why do motivational videos have such a profound effect on us? They remind us of what we already know, and perhaps of what we forgot. Obstacles in our way make us forget our goals and dreams. They make us settle for less and lose the spirited drive that we had in the beginning of our journey. It's important to remind yourself why you're doing what you're doing or else you risk succumbing to the continuous blows against your morale. So remind yourself - every week or every day, for as long as it takes - by watching a few motivational videos.

Motivational Videos

For the best motivational videos check out Motivational Videos []

A Look at Christian Motivational Speakers

For the most part, Christian motivational speakers concentrate on two areas that may overlap. The first is spreading the gospel. This does not mean that they are training for the priesthood. It means that they apply the Bible's teachings to anything and everything going on in the world today and they speak about it at whatever opportunity arises.

In the past several years, with the country leaning more and more to the right, popular radio and TV shows have sprung up, and Christian motivational speakers are invited to present their views through the media, to a large audience of viewers or listeners. They are not preaching. They are discussing current events or trends from a Biblical or religious perspective. For example, recently there was a man who sued the Federal Government to have the words "under God" removed from the pledge of allegiance. This prompted many discussions in churches and schools as well as on radio and TV. Some of the people who were discussing the religious side of the conflict were Christian motivational speakers known for their ability to articulate a discussion in a clear and concise and "winning" manner.


The other focus for Christian motivational speakers is speaking face to face with groups of people with the sole intent of converting as many of them as possible over to whatever particular group they represent. In order for any particular religious group to survive and prosper into the future it must constantly be growing. That means people must join them, or at the very least, people must be persuaded to donate money or other assets to the group.

A Look at Christian Motivational Speakers

religious figures often employ the services of well-trained Christian motivational speakers to bring people into the fold and increase donations. While the men at the top of these organizations concentrated on weekly preaching and prayer services, they actively trained and sent out speakers to convince the masses of people to join their groups. It is combination of the message offered by the particular leader with the skills and talents of the motivational speakers that will bring people on board. The motivational speakers who perform the best, and who bring in the most donations or new members, are very highly paid for their services.

A Look at Christian Motivational Speakers

Motivational Speakers Info provides detailed information about youth, professional, and Christian motivational speakers, as well as advice on how to become a motivational speaker. Motivational Speakers Info is affiliated with Business Plans by Growthink.

Standard Costing

The Uses Of Standard Costing.

A standard cost is a carefully predetermined estimated unit cost.


Standard costing is "a control technique which compares standard costs & revenues with actual results to obtain variances which are used to stimulate improved performance".

Standard costing is the preparation of standard costs to be used in the following circumstances.

(a)--To assist in setting budgets & evaluating managerial performance.
(b)--To act as a control device by establishing standards, highlighting (via variance analysis) activities that do not conform to plan & thus alerting management to those are as that may be out of control & in need of corrective action.
(c)--To enable the principal of "management by exception" to be practiced a standard cost, when established, is an average expected unit cost. Because it is only an average, actual results will vary to some extent above & below the average variances should only be reported where the difference between actual & standard is significant.
(d)--To provide a prediction of future costs to be used in decision-making citation.
(e)--To value stocks & cost production for cost counting purposes it is & alternative method of valuation to methods like FIFO, LIFO or replacement costing.
(f)--To motive staff & management by the provision of challenging targets.
(g)--To provide guidance on improvement of efficiency.

Setting Standards.

A standard cost implies that a standard or target exists for every single element that contributes to the product; the types, usage & prices of materials & parts, the grades, rates of pay & times for the labour involved, the production methods, tools & so on. The standard cost for.

Each part of the product is recorded on a standard cost card, an example standard costs may be used in both marginal & absorption costing systems.

The responsibility for setting standard costs should be shared between managers able to provide the necessary information about levels of expected.

Efficiency, prices & overhead costs. Standard costs are usually revised once a year (to allow for the new overheads budget, inflation in prices, & any changes in expected efficiency of materials usage or of labour). However they may be revised more frequency if conditions are changing rapidly.

Setting Up Standard.

Setting standards for material costs.
Setting standards for labour costs.
Setting standards for material usage & labour efficiency.
Setting standards for overheads.
Setting standards for selling price & margin.

Standard Costing

Friends Link : Motivational Techniques

How to Motivate Sales People Without Money?

It is common knowledge that many sales people can calculate how much commission they have earned faster and more accurate than any super computer. Indeed, money is a key driving force that motivates most, and certainly for the more successful ones.

However, is money then the ONLY motivator, or are there anything else?


If you were to ask anyone why they want to be one, there will usually be 3 answers:

1. For the money (of course);
2. Being able to directly link their efforts to tangible results; and
3. Having the (relative) independence and flexibility in their jobs

As such, while money may be the key driver for most, it certainly is not the only one. They are also motivated by a sense of achievement, and the more successful ones usually have large egos as well.

If we were to look deep into what motivates people, here are 2 factors that we need to consider:

1. Are the rewards attractive (or punishment severe) enough?
2. Am I able to achieve it?

Avoiding Pain vs. Seeking Pleasure

While making money is a great pleasure for many people, including sales people, some are first motivated by avoiding the punishment of NOT achieving their monthly, quarterly or annual sales targets. Hence, it's a very common practice for sales people to "hide" potential contracts to "save them for the next financial period", rather than to risk NOT meeting the sales targets for that period.

Sales people are indeed masters of work flow optimization in this sense. However, this does not help you in getting results from your sales team, and sometimes deals may be lost due to the delays caused when sales people want to "save them for the next quarter".

When companies use money as the only motivator, it is also a riskier proposition. There's nothing to prevent competitors to use the same motivator to entice your best people (along with your best customers) to defect. While there may be some non-competitive clauses in employment contracts, these are seldom enforceable, especially in Asia.

As mentioned earlier, successful sales people usually have large (sometimes over-sized) egos. Nothing feeds the ego other than believing (correctly or otherwise) that you had singlehandedly contributed millions of dollars to your company's sales revenue. However, massaging the sales person's ego (either by making them superstars when they succeed, or "humiliating" them when they don't deliver the intended results) is a double-edged sword. On one hand, it will drive people to achieve super-human results. On the other hand, they may be so focused on their self-achievement that they become insensitive to issues such as:

Serving customer needs,
Maintaining healthy margins,
Ensuring cross department support and
other factors that will impact business results.

When the egos become over-sized, some people can have a false sense of "invincibility". Some live on past glories, even when current sales results are not as good or outstanding as before. To overcome this, Dell Computers have made sure that their egos are in check by just focusing on the present and future. Past performance mean nothing to Dell's sales managers, and a top performer is only as good as the next sale. They are as such motivated to maintain their "successful" status every single day.

Eventually, sales people get burnt out. Depending on the industry, they usually achieve their peak about 1 to 1.5 years after joining a company. How they perform beyond the peak period is a matter of how you motivate and nurture them.

Besides dishing out ever better incentives (usually money-related), many companies chose to promote their top sales to be sales managers. Unfortunately, both motivational strategies are not effective. When they feel burnt out, it's not an issue that can be resolved with money (or most incentives). In addition, only 15% of top sales people can be competent managers.

When they feel burnt out, it is usually they found that they are not further developing themselves or learning anything new anymore. Usually, they found they have reached some kind of plateau in getting better sales results, and the repetition of doing the same old thing is becoming boring to them as well.

This is also the phase when good people are the most vulnerable to defecting to your competitors. To overcome this, we will have to looking into other overlooked motivators.

Can I Do It?

As mentioned earlier, the other aspect of motivation is whether you feel you are able to do your job well.

In some industries where sales management practices tend to be Neanderthal (email me to find out which ones), the attrition of new sales hires are astonishingly high. These new hires are motivated by making more money, just like any successful sales person will be. However, due to the lack of proper training, coaching and guidance, as much as 90% of these new hires leave within 1 month. If they don't see brightness of the future, they'll just go.

While such companies do provide some level of sales training, as much as 87% of all sales training evaporates within 1 month of the training. And this statistic refer to companies with better sales management practices in place. For companies with weaker sales management, most of these training are outdated and don't really prepare the sales person to handle customers in the real world. Without a post-training supporting environment, the new hires feel overwhelmed and and helpless, and then they just leave.

When sales people find that they are not able to achieve better results, or net bigger deals, or improve margins, what they need now is support from management on how they can achieve breakthroughs. They know that if they can do better, the monetary incentives are all there waiting for them. What they really need is the right guidance and support them how they can do so.

Besides providing the usual training, here are other ways that managers can get their people proceed to the next level of performance:

Align sales strategies to market realities. Sometimes, due to rapid market changes, sales strategies mapped out 6 months ago may have already be outdated. A sales strategy re-alignment may help close more sales;

Provide recognition of improvements in sales process. While people are rewarded (or punished) based on results (sales targets), few sales managers actually recognize the improvements that sales people made in their sales process. If sales people made sales process improvements, it is very likely that this will lead to better results. Such improvements need to be recognized, reinforced and made as good examples for others to follow.

Motivating the Sales Force Without Using Money

In a nutshell, when people join the sales force, they may do so in the hopes of making more money. However, if you want to get them to perform to the next level of performance, you will need to improve their skills and abilities to achieve better results. In fact, management guru Ram Charan mentioned that if using incentives as the main means to get better performance from the sales team is an outdated approach

If you find isolated cases of poor performance from your team, then perhaps these few bad hats are just making excuses not to work hard. However, if you find that poor performance is widespread and pervasive in your sales force, then you, as manager, are making THE excuse for not providing the necessary support and guidance for your people.

Pls. see for explanation of some key concepts discussed here.

How to Motivate Sales People Without Money?

c.j. is an Affiliate with HR Chally Group in China. Founded in 1973 through a grant from the U.S. Justice Department, the HR Chally Group provides predictive and compliant assessment system for management, sales, technical, customer care, and administrative talents. Unlike other assessment tools that just conducts personality profiles, Chally profiles what is exactly required by specific job descriptions and responsibilities and predict if these talents can succeed in future. As such, you'll get:

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Thanks To : Motivational Techniques How to time management Management Concept Style

The Operation of Non-Profit Organization Or Non-Government Organization

Abstract: To alleviate poverty, the Non-profit Organizations emerged particularly in the third world countries. Beside Government bodies, the non-profit organizations are to take steps towards sustainable development of the communities. The development of the communities will boost up macro economy of a country and growth will rise. Based on the concept many NGOs are working in economies of the third world. While the different organs of state machineries are lacking transparency, and accountabilities, the corruption occurs. The interventions of Non-Government organizations impel the society to prevail in a tranquil mood. On the contrary, the profit motive or the curse of corruptions also cripples the NGO or NPO movement in many economies.

Motive behind the force: In capitalist economy, profit is the main concern, so that people have to work harder and harder to find out the edges. In a country, the state budget depends on overseas grants and loans, the emerging capitalist seize the opportunities to make money. Reforms measures often fail to sustain. The suffering of mass people becomes critical more and more. The government alone cannot take the pressure, in these gaps the non-government organization or non -profit organization emerge. Philanthropist initiate to operate NPO, based on their good will. In recent trends, the concept of Non- Government Organization has been established. In NGO movement, the participatory management takes place. It is a flavor of autocratic and participatory management. The socialistic ideas intervene under the democratic norms and values.


Programs of NGO or NPO: In developing economy, poverty eradication is the main concern. To do it employment generation is a crucial factor. To generate employment, others key issues come into the purview. Education, health, sanitation, along with infrastructural facilities combines the efforts of the NGOs in the least developing nations. Micro Credit fosters the communities, receivers usually utilize loan in the specified fields under the supervision of concerned NGO. Forestation, crops development, community development, small business all concern towards the economic emancipation of the mass people in the certain areas. Women empowerment is another concern of Non-government organization. They usually help them have training on different cottage industries, and the NGOs come forward to usher the sick industries, once the certain clan dependent on that particular industry. NPO, Non Profit Organization deals with the distressed in the society to help them participate in the economic activities. Alternatively, sometimes the NPOs only help the poor to sustain for period. The long-term impact is often absent. In Advanced nations, USA or Canada is utilizing the alternative economic force. In these countries, Small Business Administration, SBA is providing technical guidance to the small business units. SBA tries to develop entrepreneurships. Grants or funding is available only for NPOs, Charities, or Foundations.

Fund allocation for NGOs: It is difficult tusk for the NGOs. The mother NGOs often donates the smaller NGOs on projected or on-going programs. The funding agencies usually donate the established NGOs, as a result the good will of smaller NGOs often fail. In the beginning, some affluent people together collect fund to run their programs. The programs are common other than innovative. To collect fund, a number of steps has to be taken, the NGO should have

• constitution or memorandum of association, article of association varying region to region, country to country,
• registration under the social department in the concerned country,
• registered office,
• a monogram
• accreditation from the national directorate,
• for micro credit or small loan requiring permission from state financial institution
• formation of project proposal,
• organizational policy
• span of management
• fund allocation for programs
• budget preparation for internal staffs of the concerned NGO

Utilization of micro credits or small loan and technical expertise: The programs that are taken by the concerned NGOs are based on certain guidelines. To be successful in a small venture, the receiver has to know the business properly, the market, and the products. According to project proposal, the NGOs workers have to train and supervise the loan takers. The supervisors will receive the weekly or monthly installment. It appears often the money drains in different formats, the program does not sustain, the loan becomes bad debt. It happens due to managerial philosophy and lack of strict supervision. On the other hand, the people who are receiving loan are dealing with their small business smoothly. It happens because of their future forecasting and proper counseling. The many areas in which the loans can be activated can contribute in the economic development. The areas can be pond culture, floriculture, grocery, poultry, cattle development, milk production, information technology including software development, data management, e-commerce, and so on.

Sustainability: In recent trends, donors direct the NGOs to stand their own foot. To generate revenues from different project, they take the win- win procedures. The loan receivers and the donors choose certain projects. Based on this conception they collect the necessary funds and invest into the projects. The supervision and technological expertise often transfer into the certain areas of the project. The schedule of the project is fixed. The payback period is also fixed. The rate of interest has to bear by the receiver along with the original amount. Within a certain time, the project comes to a break-even point, and the sustainability arises. The concerned NGO becomes self-dependent partially, that organization again finds out more projects and invests the capital from the revenue generation from successful project. The beneficiaries of the successful project become the member of the win-win situation.

Hence, the Non-government organization is also uplifting the general mass. They provide loan, supervise and transfer the technical expertise to the projects. It is one of their developing organs. If the small business units can develop with the assistance of the concerned NGO, the project finishes; the organization has to look for funds again. The operation is going on based on the availability of the fund.

Conclusion: In different economies, the government provides some soft grants to the NGOs yearly. It is imperative that Government has to patronize the small NGOs in different regions to uplift the economies and ultimately it propels the macro economy of the country.

The Operation of Non-Profit Organization Or Non-Government Organization

Thanks To : Motivational Techniques

How to Write and Host Your Own Large Group Murder Mystery Party (For Parties of 20 Or More)

Hello, fellow mystery lover!

Welcome to my world.


It's all fine and dandy that I sell mystery games but what if you want to write one yourself - just for your very special event?

Where do you start?

The answer is, "right here."

This a how-to guide for mystery lovers and creative party planners like you who want to write and host your own personalized interactive murder mystery game.

If you want to create an unforgettable, personalized party your guests will be talking about for months to come then this is the guide for you. If you've tried those mysteries in a box and found them to be lacking, then this is the guide for you. If you're bursting at the seams with untapped creativity, then this is indeed the guide for you.

In this article, you'll learn how to write, cast and host your own interactive murder mystery game and you'll learn the basic elements that make up a good murder mystery plot.

Happy Reading, Writing & Sleuthing!

Susan Haley


1. Writing it

2. Casting it

3. Guidelines for your prime suspects

4. Party Details

5. Plot and character samples


Hints to help you get started:

* The setting, events and characters have to come alive for your guests.

* Tell a story! Don't just have a crime, a victim and a detective; give them a reason why they've been brought together other than the superficial solve a murder/crime.

* First step: figure out what the story is and how best to tell that story.

* Second step: figure out what the crime is, who committed the crime and how the criminal will be caught.

Here's how I design my mystery games: They are all geared towards groups of 20 or more. To play the game, you'll need to provide 6-8 people willing to take part in the mystery as the primary suspects, victim(s), detective and killer. They'll have full knowledge of the script, which means they'll know whodunit. The rest of your guests will take on the role of detective and it will be their job to solve the case. Essentially, everyone will have a crucial, interactive part in the mystery. Your guest actors won't have to memorize a lot of dialogue but they will have to be familiar with a sequence of events or timeline that will move the mystery through the clues, the murder(s) and the solving of the crime. They'll have to carry out certain actions (like arguments) and suspicious activities to set themselves up as suspects. I like to pack a lot of action into the mystery to get people active and involved unlike those mysteries-in-a-box where everyone just sits around reading their part and asking questions they get from a booklet.

PLOT. You need to come up with a plot, the cornerstone of the mystery. It will be your crime scene if you will. Why have the primary suspects gathered? What do they all have in common that brings them together to this soon-to-be crime scene? The stakes need to be high for all your primary suspects to give them a motive for murder. Most people murder for love, money or revenge. Sometimes pure insanity is the reason but mostly it's for love, money or revenge.

CHARACTERS. Add your characters, your primary suspects. I would recommend a minimum of 6 but no more than 8 because you want to have enough suspects to keep the mystery challenging but you don't want to have too many to make it confusing. Of those primary suspects, 1 or 2 will be victims. These characters must be quirky and interesting love 'em or hate 'em types and ALL MUST HAVE MOTIVE. You must give your guests a stake in the primary suspects' lives. Give them a reason to hate the bad guy (usually the 1st victim); give them a reason to ally with another suspect (maybe he's a pathetic mama's boy? Women love to protect this type of character. Or maybe it's the vulnerable, innocent but stunningly beautiful woman?).

One of your characters should be your "detective" character. He or she doesn't actually have to be a police officer but he should be in charge of the investigation (and yes, he can still have motive). He will be the one who will strongly maintain control and be able to best deal with your guests' questions. NOTE: If you want, you can have your first victim come back as a detective character so they can be a part of the entire show. If not, they make great support "backstage". They can prep the clues and the next victim for example.

MOTIVES. Select your victim(s) out of the primary suspect list. Why will they be murdered? Give your characters motives. As I said, all characters need motive or else the mystery will be too easy too solve or too vague for folks to follow. I like to make a chart where I list the 2 victims at the top of the page and the primary suspects down the side of the page. Then I fill in the motives: unrequited love, jealousy, in debt, feuding and rejection are just some examples of motive. Once you have this chart filled in, you can then proceed to filling in the action. Each character should have a motive-establishing scene with the victims. But more on that later.

THE ACTION. Write your sequence of events, with an action of some sort happening every 5 minutes or so. These actions should promote motives, provide clues, logically lead up to the murder(s) and cohesively lead the guests through the mystery. Make sure to add plenty of physical action (chases and fights for example). You don't need to write dialogue because in my opinion it will take away from your audience participation if your primary suspects need to recite and remember dialogue. It becomes a play and not an INTERACTIVE mystery. Simply set the scene and let the suspects improvise their dialogue as the scene unfolds. You should make mystery about 1 1/2 - 2 hours long (your guests' attention spans will start to wander after about 2 hours).

The sequence of action outline that I generally use as my template:

0:00 - 0:15 General mingling and introductions. All primary suspects begin to set up their motive to kill the first victim. Perhaps you can include a welcoming speech to establish the crime scene: why everyone is here.

0:15 Action or physical clue found to establish motive of one of the primary suspects. Actions can include arguments between the victim and the primary suspect; "private" conversations where the audience sees the interaction but cannot hear what is being said - this looks secretive and suspicious; physical fights: water in someone's face, a push and shove match (make sure you practice these ahead of time for safety!)

0:20 Action or physical clue found to establish motive of another of the primary suspects.

0:25 Action or physical clue found to establish motive of another of the primary suspects.

0:30 Action, which is the cue for the 1st death. It could be a nasty speech by the 1st victim, in which she brings up more motives against the primary suspects, for example, or in which the victim reveals that she knows a secret that someone does not want revealed. This action should solidify why this person will be killed.

0:35 1st death. A non-identifying clue is left behind which will eventually lead to the killer. It could be a partial letter from the killer to the victim: "Keep quiet or die. You never should have eavesdropped on my conversation with your father... " (Later, another clue can be found, perhaps a love letter to the father of the victim saying she doesn't want to hurt his young son with their affair. It goes to the killer being a male, which narrows down the suspects if people are paying attention.) In general, you can use a red herring or two but your clues should lead to your killer. You can even put a splash of blood on the killer (he can always say he got it when he touched the body but to the observant eye, he had the blood on him when he entered the room, before they found the body). Hint: Verbal clues are easily missed unless repeated. Most clues should be physical/visual.

0:40 After body is removed; your detective organizes a summation of the crime. Each of the primary suspects accuses another of the crime thus reaffirming each of their motives.

0:50 Action or physical clue found to establish motive for the 2nd victim.

1:00 Action or physical clue found to establish motive for the 2nd victim.

1:10 Action or physical clue found to establish motive for the 2nd victim.

1:15 2nd victim discovered. Clue found that leads to the killer. Be careful here not to give the answer away.

1:20 Final summation and motives; allow your guests to ask the primary suspects questions (you don't want them revealing anything that comes out in the wrap - the confession or reveal, however). All clues should be accessible to your guests as they fill out their solution sheet (on which they describe the victims, the causes of death, the clues, the motives and their theory on whodunit and why).

1:30 You wrap the show. The killer confesses in some dramatic fashion and is either taken down or taken into custody. End your show with a bang, not a whimper. A murderer confessing is one thing but having them take someone hostage as they try and make their escape is much more exciting for example. The more action the better - always!


You need to pick role players that are gregarious, creative, outgoing and trustworthy (you want them to take on the role with enthusiasm and you want them to show up on the night of the "show".) They'll have full knowledge of the script and should receive the script ahead of time and be prepared to rehearse it at least once. I usually write a script based on whom I'm going to cast. For example, if you know that you have a gal who loves playing the sex pot, then write a character who's a sex pot take to the role with great zest and enthusiasm.

The rest of your guests will take on the role of detective and it will be their job to figure out whodunit. As you can see, everyone, from primary suspects to guest detectives will actively be involved in the mystery.

Watch my little mystery movie on my web site (see below). By the way, that's me playing Savannah Sugarbaker (in the bad prom dress and cowboy hat).


Include these guidelines with your script:

GUEST PARTICIPATION: Because it's your guests' job to solve this whodunit, you want to involve them as much as possible by allowing them to ask you questions, follow you, examine clues and do whatever they need to do to solve the case. Involve them whenever possible in your arguments & conversations with other suspects. When you're accused of murder, for example, you can use a guest as your alibi. Mingle and chat, as you would do in a normal social situation only this time you're "in character". You're no longer "Sue" but "Ingrid" and don't let the guests tell you otherwise! "Sue" might never tell a guest who was accusing her of murder to go jump in a lake but "Ingrid" might.

HOW TO PREPARE YOURSELF: First, highlight your part. Next, go through the script a few times to get familiar with what you're supposed to do and when you're supposed to do it. Then run it with the rest of the prime suspects so you get a feel for the other characters and how the sequence is supposed to unfold. Practice all physical actions (safety first!) Your audience, depending on how much they get involved, can distract you (in a fun way) because they're so enthusiastic to be a part of it all and solve the case.

WEAR A WATCH: Stick to the times. If you don't stick to the times then you'll find yourself rushing the sequence and soon you'll have no action left but the wrap and the guests are still getting used to the idea of participating in a murder mystery! Use a "cheat sheet" (small cue card) if you need to while mingling with your guests. I'd advise you not to take your complete scripts out in full view of your guests. If a guest gets a hold of the script, the mystery is blown. DO NOT HESITATE TO LEAVE THE ROOM AT ANY TIME TO CHECK YOUR SCRIPT IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT WHAT HAPPENS NEXT. That's the glory of improv: you can leave the "stage" if you need to and just pick up where you left off at any time!

CHARACTERS: REMEMBER, in a good mystery, everyone has to have motive, means and opportunity to be a suspect. Act like the suspect that you are!

ACCUSATIONS: Everyone should be clear on everyone else's motives so you can effectively accuse each other of murder.


Remember have fun, let go, be outrageous, and enjoy playing these parts and your guests will automatically follow your lead.


Invitations: When you design your invitations, lets folks know they're invited to solve a murder. Set the scene a bit. "Big Daddy Sugarbaker, billionaire extraordinary, would like to invite you to attend a party in his honor. It may be his last party due to his ill health... " Encourage them to take on a character that befits the storyline and dress the part. Let them know if it's a period piece so they can find a costume in plenty of time. Get them excited about the prospect of participating in and solving a murder mystery. Build up intrigue.

The Detectives' Tools: On the evening of the party, you'll want to provide your guests with a program of some sort that identifies the primary suspects and sets up the crime scene. It will be an excellent guide for your detectives. Also provide them with an "evidence record" (and pen) so they can record the clues and evidence, the victims and cause of death and who they think did it and why. I'd recommend collecting these solution sheets at the end of the mystery and before you reveal your killer. Give an Outstanding Detective Award to the person or persons who solve the case to recognize them for a job well done.

Setting the "Stage": Of course, depending on the theme of your mystery, any additional "atmosphere" you can create via props and staging will only add to the mystery. If you already have enough on your plate, don't worry about it. Your primary suspects and your story will create the atmosphere. When my professional troupe performs our mysteries, 9 out of 10 times we're in a boring hotel function room. Never have I had anyone complain about the d├ęcor or lack thereof. They get so involved with the actual mystery, the only thing they're paying attention to are the primary suspects.

The Menu: Another element you might want to consider when creating your mystery evening is the menu. If you're doing a country and western mystery, then it might call for a BBQ for example. Or if you're doing a Hawaiian luau, then more tropical dishes would fit the bill. Again, it's only a consideration but it's not necessary.

The Party Set-Up: I suggest you work the mystery around your dinner and its courses (and no you do NOT need to include a full dinner if you don't want to but do provide beverages and finger food of some sort). It always works best to create the drama and intrigue right away. Your guests arrive excited about the mystery evening ahead of them so don't make them wait until after dinner (besides their mental energy level will be a lot lower after a meal and you want them ready, willing and able to participate). Upon their arrival, your cast should already be in character, setting the scene. Give your sleuths a program (remember it's their guide to the mystery), solution sheet and pen as they arrive. Wrap your whodunit during coffee and dessert. (NOTE: In order for your guests to enjoy both the meal and the mystery, you never want anything too dramatic happening during the actual courses or while your guests are in a buffet line.)


I have script samples of all my mystery games on my web site (see below). Check them out for plot and character guidance and writing inspiration.

Thanks for reading! Susan

How to Write and Host Your Own Large Group Murder Mystery Party (For Parties of 20 Or More)

Susan Haley designs memorable do-it-yourself murder mystery games for fun and for corporate team building. They are available for immediate download on her website. Please click here for a special offer just for reading her article:

All rights reserved by Susan Haley-Zemanek, author. Article may ONLY be reprinted AS IS with this contact info intact:

Susan Haley-Zemanek, author

See Also : Motivational Techniques Advertising Techniques Management Concept Style

Evaluating Leadership Qualities - 10 Things Effective Leaders Do to Motivate Employees

You have a manager who thinks she (or he) is a great leader. In fact this manager has been pressuring you for a higher performance rating in the area of "leadership qualities." So far, you have resisted. This manager does a good job of coordinating, controlling, and directing assignments. But she (or he) falls really short when it comes to motivating, developing, and encouraging employees.

Bottom line, this manager is great at getting the job done; but is not so great at creating a positive work environment, demonstrating concern for employees' personal interests, or highlighting positive achievements. Beyond your "feelings," about leadership, what specific "leadership qualities" could you use to evaluate and discuss performance with this manager? Here are 10:


1. Reinforcing contributions and achievements; giving timely, positive, and specific feedback

2. Uncovering employees' interests; encouraging them to develop and pursue personal and professional goals

3. Developing employees; providing opportunities for acquiring or enhancing desirable knowledge, skills, and abilities

4. Encouraging two-way communication; seeking input from employees and acting on that input

5. Acting as a positive role model; talking positively to peers, talking positively about the organization, and talking positively about customers

6. Displaying emotional intelligence; ensuring that physical reactions, body language, and personal statements promote constructive dialogue among subordinates, peers, and superiors

7. Facilitating positive interactions among employees; encouraging a pleasant atmosphere and reducing conflicts

8. Delegating authority effectively; giving employees autonomy while simultaneously establishing check points to monitor performance

9. Maximizing employee performance; matching employee tasks with capabilities, and giving emotional support that matches employee needs

10. Coaching employees; providing advice about individual performance, goal achievement, and career development

Effective Leaders Care About Work AND About Employees

Your goal in talking to this manager is to emphasize the value of keeping employees feeling committed to doing a great job. Focusing on tasks is important, but "employees" accomplish tasks. So effective leaders pay attention to the needs and concerns of employees. They engage them, involve them, and communicate with them. Tell this to your manager (who professes to be an effective leader) the next time you have a disagreement about leadership qualities. And remember to explain HOW these qualities impact employees: they keep employees doing a great job.

Evaluating Leadership Qualities - 10 Things Effective Leaders Do to Motivate Employees

Barbara Brown, PhD shows managers how to improve employee performance by linking performance to results. Her E-Books contain phrases and examples for discussing performance, reinforcing performance, and writing appraisals. Her E-Courses provide strategies for motivating employees to cooperate and contribute.

Click on "FREE STUFF" at her website to download tools to manage performance discussions.


Tags : Motivational Techniques Management Concept Style

Nicotine Patch Addiction

You might think it unbelievable, but nicotine patch addiction is a reality! Smokers who try to quit using nicotine patches or other replacement therapies often report being unable to come off the patches or gum for many more months than expected in the pharmaceutical company's guide literature.

OK, on the face of it, putting up with nicotine patch addiction is far less harmful to your health than smoking tobacco, but it is going to be an enormous drain on your finances in the long run!


Looking at the concept of using nicotine patches to help you quit might seem like a good idea but in my opinion it most definitely isn't. A patch merely provides you with an alternative source of nicotine than cigarettes so it is reasonable to expect that you may succumb to nicotine patch addiction.

The bad news is that on the slim chance that you quit smoking using this approach (see later in this article) there is a good chance you will no longer be a smoker but you will succumb to nicotine patch addict instead! Worse still, if you manage to wean yourself off the patch, there is a good chance you will succumb to smoking again because you have not addressed the core relationship you have with tobacco.

You see, the reason why you smoke cigarettes is because of nicotine addiction so staying addicted to nicotine (by using patches) is going to increase your susceptibility to want to smoke and therefore put yourself back at square one - a smoker. If you are not addicted to nicotine, you will have no need to smoke will you?

When nicotine patches were first launched, a little after nicotine gum, there were some very skewed studies conducted on the effectiveness of the approach. It has since come to light that the original claims of 40-50% made in the late 1970s and early 1980s are complete flannel! The accepted improvement in your chances is from 5% with cold turkey to 10% with nicotine patches although there is still room for debate:

According to Chen et al., "Randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study of transdermal nicotine patch for smoking cessation" J Formos Medical Association, 97(8), 547-51, August 1998, "... there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups of smokers (one group on nicotine patch and one group on placebo patch) after one year of follow-up."

The same can be said now of newer approaches like Chantix and Zyban to help you quit smoking. Original studies on both of these drugs have reported success rates that have not been repeatable in independent studies. Original studies were funded by the pharmaceutical companies so there was a motive to report very high success rates.

In my opinion, becoming free of nicotine is the only way to stop smoking and to become tobacco free for life you must change your attitude towards tobacco and your relationship with tobacco. Cognitive behavioural therapy is just such an approach for quitting smoking. It helps smokers look at each facet of their addiction and smoking and guides them to changing their attitudes to them.

Unlike nicotine replacement therapies, cognitive behavioral therapies and hypnosis (for example) work on the core foundation that more of the addictive substance is not going to help you. In my view, staying away from nicotine replacement patches is a good way of staying away from nicotine patch addiction.

Nicotine Patch Addiction

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Self Motivation

There are two basic types of motivation: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation is generated due to external factors, whereas intrinsic motivation is generated due to internal sensation and is a longer lasting one.

Self motivation, also called intrinsic motivation, refers to an internal drive that originates from within a person which helps a person to overcome obstacles and pursue worthy goals. Besides internal factors, there are certain external factors that drive you to start something new or to make a move in a positive direction.


Desire, values, and beliefs are the three motivating factors that constitute self motivation.

Self motivation is necessary as you cannot always rely on others to get motivated. It is surely needed to gather courage and strength to achieve your goals. Furthermore, it is essential to take up a new activity or to plan and find new directions in life.

Self motivation has the power to enable you to achieve anything you want to experience in life. The power exists within every person, but you should be able to get self -motivated to achieve your desires or goals. Try to identify your desire, values, and beliefs and also your strength and weakness in order to establish realistic goals.

To improve self motivation, one of the easiest ways is to educate yourself through training programs. Self hypnosis is also found effective in improving self motivation. Majority of the training programs specifically teaches the skills required to consistently become a self motivated person. Nowadays, there are several learning institutes that provide pragmatic steps to improve self motivation. Also, there are opportunities to learn how to increase your self-motivation through the Internet.

Self motivation plays a vital role in the early student life. Students should be self motivated by means of various motivation techniques in order to enable them to overcome life's challenges.

Self Motivation

Motivation provides detailed information on Motivation, Daily Motivation, Employee Motivation, Motivation Posters and more. Motivation is affiliated with Christian Motivational Speakers.

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